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Fine motor function module

Item #1: Bilateral functional arm lift

Start position
Instruct the subject to raise cup to his mouth using both hands. Cup should be presented at midline, however subject may move it prior to picking it up.

Directions
Instruct subject to lift the cup, using 2 hands, to his or her mouth.

Scoring
0 - Unable to raise both hands to mouth.
1 - Able to raise both hands to mouth, but cannot raise cup filled with 8 ounces of water to mouth.
2 - Able to raise cup, using both hands, with 8 ounces of water to mouth. Do not have to drink the water to score a 2.

cup1 liting_cup
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Lifting the cup

Item #2: Ziploc container

Start Position
Subject sitting at table with white side of non-skid mat placed at table's edge in front of subject. Standard round 8 ounce Ziploc container placed on the mat, in midline in front of subject.

Directions
Instruct subject to remove the lid of the Ziploc container. If child tries to use legs to stabilize, re-instruct to try without using legs. If he/she still uses legs, note such on Clinical Record Form (CRF).

Scoring
0 - Unable to open.
1 - Subject stabilizes container with one hand or against body while attempting to pry the lid off with the alternate hand. Opens partially, but does not get lid off completely.
2 - Subject stabilizes container with one hand but not against body while prying lid off completely with alternate hand.

lip off lid off got the lid off
zip lock open zip lock small
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Removing the lid

Item #3: Tears paper

Start position
Subject is sitting at table. 4"x6" precut piece of paper is placed on table at subject's midline.

Directions
Instruct subject to tear paper in half. Use ruler in kit with pre-marked line at 2" to measure length of tear.

Scoring
0 - Unable to tear paper.
1 - Able to tear paper 2" or more only if tear is initiated by the evaluator or tears paper less than 2".
2 - Able to tear paper 2" or more. Must initiate and complete tear independently.

tearing paper in half trying to tear paper tore the paper
tearing paper paper tear3 papertear

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Tearing paper

Item #4: Cut a line on paper with scissors

Prior to starting this task, ask parents/guardian if subject has had experience with scissors. Check appropriate box (yes, no) in comments column on Clinical Record Form (CRF).

Start Position
Subject is sitting at table. Place a 4" x 6" paper and blunt tipped scissors on the table in front of subject at midline.

Directions
Instruct subject to cut paper in half. Clinical Evaluator (CE) may verbally encourage subject to "keep cutting" if they have not cut at least a 2 "line. CE may not hold paper for the subject. A 6" ruler with 2" marker is provided for line measurement.

Scoring
0 - Unable to cut with scissors.
1 - Able to cut a line less than 2" in length.
2 - Able to cut a line 2" or greater in length.

Record which hand they cut with on Clinical Record Form (CRF) and CE Reminder form.

cutting paper in half trying to cut paper scissor cut
scissor cut 2
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Cutting paper

Item #5: Unscrewing nut/bolt

Start position
Subject is sitting at table. Place nut/bolt on table in front of subject at midline. Prior to starting, screw nut up to the bolt head. Do not tighten.

Directions
Instruct subject to unscrew the nut from bolt.

Scoring
0 - Unable to unscrew nut from bolt.
1 - Able to partially unscrew nut from bolt.
2 - Completely unscrews nut from bolt.

nut and bolt nut and bolt2 screw

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Unscrewing nut from bolt

Item # 6: Picks up and places pennies in container

Start position
Subject is sitting at a table. Place non skid mat on edge of table with pennies and Ziploc container on marked spaces in front of subject's midline.

Directions
Instruct subject to place one penny at a time into the container, using only 1 hand. If subject starts to use 2 hands, stop task and re-instruct. Set timer to 5 seconds. Start timer at the "go" command. If the subject has a penny in hand when timer beeps, but has not yet placed it in the container at the beep it does not count toward total # of pennies. Order in which they pick up pennies does not matter.

Scoring
0 - Unable to pick up pennies and place in container.
1 - Able to pick up and place < 5 pennies in 5 seconds.
2 - Able to pick up and place ≥ 5 pennies in 5 seconds.

Record hand used on Clinical Record Form (CRF) and Clinical Evaluator Reminder form.

pennies in the pot pennies sma placing pennies
pennies
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Picking up pennies

Item #7: Squeeze pinch pin with one hand

Start position
Subject is sitting at table. Place red (2 lb.) pinch pin in front of subject at midline.

Directions
Place dowel rod frame horizontally 12" from the table's edge and 12" from the table's surface (height) in front of subject. Instruct subject to squeeze the red (2 lb.) pinch pin with preferred hand and clip it onto the dowel rod.

Scoring
0 - Unable to squeeze red (2 lb.) pinch pin open or uses 2 hands to do so.
1 - Using 1 hand only is able to squeeze red (2 lb.) pinch pin partially open, but cannot clip onto horizontal rod. (Method used does not matter).
2 - Using one hand only able to completely open red (2 lb.) pinch pin and place on horizontal dowel rod.

If subject is able to clip the 2-pound pin onto the horizontal dowel rod, repeat the process with the 4 lb. green, 6 lb. blue and 8 lb. black pin until subject is unable to clip the pin onto the dowel rod. Record pound force of last pin subject is able to open and clip onto the dowel rod using one hand only on CRF in comments column. If they were unable to open and clip the 2 lb. (red) pin onto the dowel rod ask them to try to clip the 1 lb. (yellow) pin on the dowel rod. Record on CRF if they were able to clip the 1 lb. (yellow) pin on the dowel rod using one hand only in comments column.

Record hand used R(right)/L(left) on CE Reminder form and on CRF.

clothes pin clothes pins sma clothes pins sma2
more clothes pins resistance clips clothes pins on the rod
lots of clothes pins
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Placing pinch pins

Item #8: Puts on t-shirt

Start position
Subject is sitting. May be sitting on chair, on plinth, or on the floor. Record start position (plinth, floor, chair) on CRF form under start position and on CE reminder sheet. Large pullover T-shirt is placed on table with bottom hem at the table's edge, in front of the subject. May be easiest to start with subject's own shirt removed before attempting this item.

Directions
Instruct the subject to put the T-shirt on. Can demonstrate, but for scoring, do not hold shirt open to start.

Scoring
0 - Unable to put on T-shirt. Any combo not described in 1 or 2 below is a 0.
1 - Subject is able to initiate donning T-shirt, but requires assistance to complete task or able to get T-shirt over head and at least one arm through sleeve. If initiates and get 2 arms through, but not head score as a 1.
2 - Pulls large T-shirt over head and neck and puts arms through sleeves completely by self. Shirt is considered on if both arms are in the sleeves and the head is in the neck hole. Back/bottom of the shirt does not have to be pulled down completely.

putting on the t-shirt tshirt sma tshirt
tshirt 1 sleeve
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Putting on the T-shirt


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